Global Plastics Treaty

Our Role in tracking the Negotiation Process

The Global Plastics Policy Centre is an independent knowledge broker to support effective plastics policy-making in government and the private sector. On our Global Plastics Treaty page you can follow the negotiation process as we get the insights from INC attendees and plastics experts, and dive deeper into what it takes to form a robust, international instrument to end plastic pollution.

About the Treaty

A landmark resolution was reached at the fifth United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA-5.2) in Nairobi, March 2022, to develop an international legally binding instrument to end plastic pollution (the ‘global plastics treaty’). The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has begun its journey through two-year negotiations on its goals and objectives to produce the final draft of the treaty.

The journey includes five Intergovernmental Negotiating Committees (INCs) accompanied by regional and stakeholder consultations. The first INC in November 2022 was preceded by a multi stakeholder forum where national delegates, industry representatives, NGOs, campaign groups and scientists met to exchange knowledge and information.

As per the resolution, the Treaty should incorporate measures that:

  • Address all types of plastics and additives
  • Prevent and reduce plastic pollution throughout the entire life cycle
  • Account for human rights and those working in the informal waste sector

By the end of 2024, the world can expect to see how the Treaty will transform the way we resource, produce, use and dispose of plastics. After the INCs and the associated consultations have concluded, the Treaty will be adopted in a diplomatic conference of plenipotentiaries with UNEP’s lead and opened for country signatures.

“A complete transformation to a circular plastics economy is needed to radically reduce or eliminate plastic pollution while supporting necessary use.”

March, Roberts, and Fletcher (2022)



Ad hoc open-ended working group (OEWG) to prepare for the INC to end plastic pollution

30 May - 1 June 2022

Dakar, Senegal

UNEP Plastic Pollution: Multi-stakeholder forum (INC-1)

26th Nov 2022

Punta del Este, Maldonado, Uruguay

UNEP Plastic Pollution: INC-1

28 Nov – 2 Dec 2022

Punta del Este, Maldonado, Uruguay


UNEP Plastic Pollution: Regional Consultations INC-2

May 28, 2023

Paris, France

UNEP Plastic Pollution: INC-2

29 May - 2nd June 2023

Paris, France

Legislative theatre performance: 'Who Knows It, Feels It' - A Waste Picker's Perspective for a Just Transition'

10th and 12th November

Nairobi, Kenya

UNEP Plastic Pollution: Preparatory day INC-3

11 November 2023

Nairobi, Kenya

UNEP Plastic Pollution: Regional consultations INC-3

12 November 2023

Nairobi, Kenya.

UNEP Plastic Pollution: INC-3

13 - 19 November 2023

Nairobi, Kenya


Sixth Session of the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA-6)

26 February – 1 March 2024

Nairobi, Kenya

UNEP Plastic Pollution: INC-4

21 - 30 April 2024

Ottawa, Canada

UNEP Plastic Pollution: INC-5

25 November - 1 December 2024

Busan, Republic of Korea


UNEP Plastic Pollution: Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries

TBC (Mid 2025)