When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
The Vietnam Circular No. 159/2012/TT-BTC Amending and Supplementing Circular No. 152/2011/ TT-BTCView the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
This policy guides the Government’s Decree No. 67/2011/ND-CP of 8 August 2011. This further guides a number of articles of the Law on Environmental Protection Tax, including the imposing of an environmental tax of VND 40,000 (USD1.75) per kilogram imposed on the manufacturer of the plastic bags. This policy was regarded as unsuccessful due to the lack of consumer awareness, issues in enforcement, and regulatory loopholes.
(Reviewed in Jan 2022)
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods
In light of our findings, we've created targeted guidance for Policy Makers, Citizens and Businesses.
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We are confident in our research, however, not all evidence is made publicly available which may affect the outcome of the reviews. Let us know if you have research or evidence that can contribute to our analysis, or a policy you think would be valuable to review!Submit a policy or evidence