When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
Thailand Navigation in Thai Waters Act (NO.17), B.E. 2560 (2017)View the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
This Act contains provisions that prohibit a person from discharging anything into a watercourse that could cause pollution, harm aquatic plants and animals, or obstruct navigation unless permitted otherwise. It also deals with penalties and fees, the delivery of permits from the Harbour Master for the construction of buildings or other things under the water of rivers, canals, marshes, reservoirs or lakes which are public thoroughfares or which are gainfully used by the public collectively, or seas inside Thai territorial waters or on the shores of the said seas. The primary driver of this policy was political, it complies with the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution form Ships, 1973 and Protocol 1978 Annex I and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982 Concerning to Prevent, Reduce Control Oil Pollution from Vessels (Thammasorn & Eagjariyakorn, 2021).
There was insufficient evidence available to complete the evaluation framework at the time of the assessment. However, reports from the literature suggest that compliance could be a limiting factor for the effectiveness of this policy (Adair, 2022; Asia News Network, 2022).
(Uploaded in Oct 2023)
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods