When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
Thailand Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act (No. 2) B.E. 2561 (2018)View the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
This Act gives the National Environment Board the power to prescribe environmental quality standards, mandates formulating an Environmental Quality Management Plan and environmental impact assessment (EIA) practise, mandates the minimum measures for related ministerial regulations. It specifically amends requirements on environmental impact assessment (EIA) based on the Constitution. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the National Environment Board, and the Pollution Control Committee are responsible for the enforcement of this Act. The primary drivers for this policy were political and environmental including a public movement against pollution, and an international stimulus from international organisations such as the UN (Phothiruk, 2021).
There was insufficient evidence available to complete the evaluation framework at the time of the assessment although several reports indicate that enforcement is in place despite being uneven in some cases (”Chiang Mai people sue PM for failing to tackle smog”, 2023; Weinman, 2023; Connor, 2023; Templeton, 2017). Some conflicts between the government and the public have been reported about waste-to-energy plants, which are exempt from the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, but can still cause significant environmental degradation and haze pollution in Thailand and neighbouring countries (Rujivanarom, 2023). Despite the pollution from waste incineration especially plastic waste from waste-to-energy plants being toxic to both the environment and people’s health, the number of waste-to-energy plants in Thailand has increased from 11 in 2014 to 25 in 2022 and will increase further (Rujivanarom, 2023).
(Uploaded in Oct 2023)
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods