When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
Republic of Korea Act On The Promotion Of Saving And Recycling Of ResourcesView the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
The policy uses a volume waste fee system with a fee per bag and a deposit return scheme. The policy includes standardisation of containers and there are bans on hard to recycle plastics. The recycling rate is reported at 58% and there are 6 clear recycling categories which the public find easy to follow. Collection points are within easy reach of households and public support is good.
The policy also includes Extended Producer Responsibility for 63 products by 2022 which has led to the creation of cooperative recycling companies, but only a third of recycled waste becomes new product as there is no requirement for recycled content. There are fines and five year surveys leading to good enforcement and data collection.
Unfortunately, despite the good recycling rates, the Republic of Korea has one of the highest rates of consumption of plastic per capita of anywhere in the world. There is also evidence that the fee per bag system has caused an increase in illegal dumping.
(Reviewed in Jan 2022)
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods