When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
Philippines Ecological Solid Waste Management ActView the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
This policy focuses on resource conservation, recycling, reuse, recovery, segregation of waste, research and education. The policy aimed to create an inventory of existing markets for recycled products within 6 months and the introduction of eco-labelling. A DRS system was included in the form of mobile dropoff/buyback units. The policy also included the prohibition of non environmental packaging within a year but this was not implemented.
The policy aimed to address the large number of illegal dumps and plastic entering the ocean. Local authorities were required to set up waste separation and recycling facilities but this has only happened in 21% of regions. Opening dumping is still the norm in many areas and there is very low compliance with separation for recycling by the public.
Lack of funding, enforcement and technical ability were major factors in the lack slow progress of this policy. The local authorities appear to have had no funding from central government for infrastructure and training. Fines are low and therefore compliance with the regulations is poor.
None of the time constrained aims have been met. This policy was heralded world wide as one of the best waste management policies. Implementation has been poor due to lack of information and education for the population and lack of funding.
(Reviewed in Jan 2022)
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods