When referring to any of the results of our analysis and/or its concept and design, please cite us accordingly:
Global Plastics Policy Centre (2022) March A., Salam, S., Evans, T., Hilton, J., Fletcher, S. (editors). Global Plastics Policy Review. Revolution Plastics, University of Portsmouth.
Italy Law 24 March 2012, n. 28 Conversion into Law, with Amendments, of the Decree-Law of 25 January 2012, n. 2, Containing Exceptional and Urgent Environmental Measures.View the policy document
Key FindingsView the policy document
This was the first prohibition of plastic bags in Europe which included the manufacturing, distribution and importation of non-biodegradable bags less than 50 microns, only biodegradable, cloth or paper bags available to consumers. The policy was introduced due to the effect of plastic pollution on Italy’s 7500km coastline and marine areas impacting the natural beauty, tourism and blue economy.
The policy has produced a 50% reduction in plastic bag consumption and increased recycling rates. Whilst there has been a move to so-called biodegradable and compostable bags, these too can come with their own environmental impacts and are also seen as problematic.
Through an analytical framework, we've reviewed over 100 plastic policies. These reviews determine the effectiveness of policies in reducing plastic pollution and we offer recommendations in light of this evidence, to enhance future policy making. You can find out more about our methods on our methods page.Methods